MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

Evacuation

In January 1945, the majority of the prisoners were evacuated on foot to Gliwice, and then carried by train to the Buchenwald and Mauthausen camps.

Prisoners at the camp in Monowice included the Nobel Peace-Prize winner Elie Wiesel and the prominent Italian writer Primo Levi.